Injury to the Soft Structures of the Knee

Being the largest joint in the body, the knee joint is formed by the femur, tibia, fibula and peripheral soft structures. Sprains and contusions often cause injuries to the soft structures. The most frequent are injuries to the collateral and cruciate ligaments, etc.

  1. Collateral ligaments injury:

    The medial and lateral ligaments are attached on the corresponding sides of the knee joint. Their function is to steady the joint in position. Injury to these structures gives symptoms of local tenderness, swelling and impairment of function. Depending on the site of injury there is tenderness to touch on the medial or lateral condyle.

  2. Injury of the cruciate ligaments:

    The anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments are attached between the femur and tibia.

    Hyperextension or hyperflexion may cause injuries to the anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments, respectively with swelling of the joint, but not accompanied by tenderness to touch.


Tender points (ashi points)


For injury of accessory ligaments: 12.5 - 25 mg. of hydrocortisone Additionally, 2 cc. of 1% procaine may be injected into tender points.

Note: it is not known how "mg" (a measurement of weight) could be directly injected without putting this material into a wet medium measured such as "ml" or "cc". The source text does not provide this information.


Other measures should be taken if there is fracture.

Source: The Treament of 100 Common Diseases by New Acupuncture, Medicine and Health Publishing Company






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soft.tissue.knee.injury.shtml was last modified Sep 27 2008.